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如何用英语介绍春节,附春节常用英语词汇

春节的英语介绍

春节,也被称为农历新年。对于中国人来说,这是规模,最重要的传统节日。就如同西方的圣诞节一样,春节是一家团聚的日子。

The Spring Festival is also called Chinese Lunar New Year. Being one of the traditional Chinese festivals, it is the grandest and most important festival for Chinese people. It is also the time for whole families to get together, which is similar to Christmas for Westerners.

春节从农历新年第一天开始,几乎要持续半个月。但在民间传统中,这一节日从腊月23日就开始了,一直到正月十五(元宵节)。

It comes on the first day of Chinese lunar calendar and lasts for almost half of a month. But in folk custom, this traditional holiday lasts from the 23rd day of the twelfth month to the 15th day of the first month (The Lantern Festival) on the lunar calendar.

“年”的传说

在传统文化中,春节亦被称为“过年”。传说“年”是一种凶猛异常的怪物,每天都会吃一种动物(包括人)。人们非常惧怕他,当“年”夜间出来活动时,人们会找地方躲起来。后来,人们发现“年”非常害怕红色和爆竹,于是,人们用红色和鞭炮来驱赶“年”。久而久之,春节用大红色和放鞭炮的习俗就保留了下来。

In folk culture, celebrating the Lunar New Year is also called “guonian” (literally meaning “passing a year”). It is said that the “nian” (year) was a fierce and cruel monster, and every day, it ate one kind of animal including human beings. Human beings were naturally scared and had to hide on the evening when the “nian” came out. Later, people found that the monster was afraid of the red color and fireworks. So after that, people used the red color and fireworks or firecrackers to drive away “nian”. As a result, the custom has remained to this day.

春节相关的英语词汇

新 春 佳 节

传统中国节日:traditional Chinese festival

农历:lunar calendar

腊八节:Laba Festival

除夕:Lunar New Year’s Eve

春节:the Spring Festival

正月初一:Lunar New Year’s Day

元宵节:the Lantern Festival

正月:the first month of the lunar year

二月二:Dragon Heads-raising Day

传 统 习 俗

喝腊八粥:eat Laba porridge

扫尘:sweep the dust

扫房:spring cleaning

祭灶:offer sacrifices to the God of Kitchen

守岁:stay up

拜年: pay a New Year’s call

祭祖:offer sacrifices to one’s ancestors

祭财神:worship the God of Wealth

春联:Spring Festival couplets

贴倒福:paste the Chinese character “Fu” upside down

去晦气:get rid of the ill-fortune

辞旧岁:bid farewell to the old year

兆头:omen

阖 家 团 圆

吃团圆饭:have a family reunion dinner

年夜饭:New Year’s Eve dinner

全家团圆:family reunion

办年货:do Spring Festival shopping

敬酒:propose a toast

穿新衣:wear new clothes

红包:red envelops

压岁钱:gift money;money given to children as a Lunar New Year gift

春 节 美 食

年糕:rice cake;New Year cake

饺子:dumplings;Chinese meat ravioli

汤圆:dumplings made of sweet rice

八宝饭:eight-treasure rice pudding (steamed glutinous rice with bean paste, lotus seeds, preserved fruit, etc.)

什锦糖:assorted candies

糖莲子:candied lotus seed

花生糖:peanut candy

蜜冬瓜:candied winter melon

瓜子:red melon seeds

金桔:cumquat

红枣:red dates

春卷:spring roll

冰糖葫芦:candied haws on a stick

驴肉火烧:donkey burger

腊肠:Chinese sausage

米酒:rice wine

腊肉:preserved meat

糖板栗:sugar chestnut

四喜丸子:four-joy meatballs

民 间 艺 术

泥人:clay figure

皮影戏:shadow puppetry

木偶戏:puppet show

刺绣:embroidery

剪纸:paper-cut

中国结:Chinese knot

年画:New Year painting

吹糖人:sugar-figure blowing

舞龙:dragon dance

舞狮:lion dance

秧歌:Yongko dance;rural folk dance

灯笼:lantern

娱 乐 活 动

打麻将:play mahjong

庙会:temple fair

春节联欢晚会:Spring Festival gala

灯会:exhibit of lanterns

送贺卡:send New Year’s greeting cards

理发:have a haircut

放烟花:set off fireworks

放鞭炮:set off firecrackers

灯谜:riddles written on lanterns

各 路 神 仙

门神:the God of Door

灶神:the God of Kitchen

财神:the God of Wealth

土地爷:the God of Land

火神:the God of Fire

喜神:the God of Happiness

福禄寿三星:the three gods of fortune, prosperity and longevity

八仙:the Eight Immortals

春节英语祝福语

Treasures fill the home

财源广进

Business flourishes

事业兴隆

Peace all year round

岁岁平安

Wishing you prosperity

恭喜发财

Harmony brings wealth

家和万事兴

May all your wishes come true

心想事成

Everything goes well

万事如意

The country flourishes and people live in peace

国家富强、人民安康

Money and treasures will be plentiful

财源茂盛

Wishing you every success Promoting to a higher position

事业有成、更上一层楼、蒸蒸日上

Safe trip wherever you go

一帆风顺

Wish you happiness and prosperity in the coming year!

祝你新的一年快乐幸福

Wish you success in your career and happiness of your family!

事业成功,家庭美满(阖家欢乐)

May the joy of New Year be with you throughout the year.

愿新年的快乐一年四季常在。

Peace and love for you at New Year from all your students.

祝老师新年充满平安和爱。

Wishing you a sparkling New Year and bright happy New Year! May the season bring much pleasure to you.

愿你的新年光彩夺目,愿你的新年灿烂辉煌!佳节快乐!

Wishing you all the blessings of a beautiful New Year season.

愿你拥有新年所有美好的祝福。

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