对外贸易之家
分享实用外贸知识

出口英国清关须有身份标识,否则退运或销毁

近日,由英国海关授权的检测公司(Electrical Safety Assessments Ltd)对从中国进口产品进行检测,结果由于产品上没有打制造商和进口商等身份标识,英国海关及TS部门要求货物退运或者在当地进行销毁。

3C产品一直是外贸的宠儿,不管是B2C还是B2B,但是这些货物出口到英国时,大部分清关导致退运销毁的问题都是英国贸易标准局(简称TS)抽验后发现插头和适配器不符合贸易标准。近日这次英国海关授权的检测产品就是电池及插座等产品。

该报告的大意是:

1. 上必须标明制造商名称、商品名称或者注册商标;连同可与制造商联系的单一邮寄地址。(根据监管条例第8条)。

如制造商并非在欧洲联盟,而产品已进口,则须加上进口商的名称、商品名称或注册商标及其邮寄地址。(根据监管条例第18条)。被检测的样本没有这些细节要求。

2. 提供的产品说明不够详细充分。没有提供任何有关适合使用电池及电池范围的细节;也没有提示用户使用风险。(根据监管条例第9条)

3. 检测的样本上没有产品的类型,批次或系列号以及其他可以证明产品身份的要素(根据监管条例第8(1)(a)条)

4. 头须符合BS1363-1标准;达标产品需要有认证机构名称及认证标识。该插头不符合BS1363认证,并且没有制造商身份标识。

5. 据《1994年插头及插座等(安全)规例》第8及13.2条规定要求,安装在该样品上的插头不是经批准的类型,也没有显示认证机构批准的认证标识。

总结:

该样品不符合电子设备安全法,2.4.5部分会造成用户伤害。1.3不合规的虽然不会给用户造成即时风险,但是也是不符合安全规定的。英国海关根据检测公司的检测结果和检测报告,做出货物需要销毁的决定,或者需要货物在被打碎/破坏的情况下退运。

TS检测产品机制

是否所有货物都会被检验?

理论上是的,但是因为人力物力的限制,所以他们目前是针对数量大的,危险系数比较高的品类进行优先检测。其中就包括了在英国最热卖的电子产品类,特别是配置电源里配置电流量高于5V的产品。

TS主要会检查我们产品的哪些部分?

因为TS不是专业的电子质检人员,他们只能做一些简单的检测。以电子产品为例子,其中主要包括以下三部分:

外部标签:其中包括:生产国家,产品使用说明,产品细则(电器电压电流等), 欧盟CE认证标签(内外包装都要),英文版使用书,是否符合给儿童使用。

电插头/电源:保险丝(英国标准是2.2g,一点也不能少,因为保险丝是承载电流的主要标准,2.2g是英国一般家用电流承载标准。);BS marking

电线:电源电线绝缘橡胶必须要符合0.5mm2/0.75mm2。才能避免使用者触电。

(目前最关注的品类有:电器配件,灯具,舞台灯光,工业设备,商业用品等;只要是链接主电源(220V)的产品都是相对比较敏感的。如电源适配器,插头/电线,充电器等,一些低于5V的就没事啦~例如USB电源电线等)

TS里检查里面的一些文件有那些?对每个产品的要求是?

(1)TS检查里面,最主要的就是第三方检测机构(如TUV)所提供的产品验证报告。该报告会该产品进行全面检测,确保该产品是不会有危险的。但是这个就是会产生一定的费用,如TUV费用约260英镑)。

(2)另外可以提供的是DOC – document of conformity出厂合格证。(可不是国内厂家出的哪个哦。欧盟国家是会要要求卖家在欧洲设置服务中心,以便对产品进行售后服务。)

(3)TS要求所有进入到英国的产品都必须要符合广泛范围的健康和安全要求,(如有关产品结构和稳定性等);在产品使用方面要带有详细的产品使用描述;特殊产品(如电子产品)需要经授权机构进行类型检验;带有CE标志和其他信息。部分特殊产品(如带锯齿的机器)与相关标准时, 还会需要向一个授权检验机构提供极速资料,以证明完全符合标准。

英国海关授权检测公司的检测报告及处理通知

英国海关授权的检测公司检测结果报告

1.The equipment is required to be marked with the manufacturer’s name, registered trade name or registered trade mark; together with a single postal address at which the manufacturer can be contacted. (Regulation 8).

If the manufacturer is not established in the EU and the equipment has been imported, it needs to be marked with the name, registered trade name or registered trade mark of the importer and their postal address. (Regulation 18).

The sample had not been marked with these details.

2.The instructions supplied were considered inadequate. They did not give any details regarding suitable batteries or battery ranges; despite warning to the end user to check on the list.(Regulation 9)

3.This sample did not bear a type, batch or serial number or other element allowing its identification. (Regulation 8(1)(a))

4.Regulation 35(3)requires electrical equipment that has a flexible lead and plug assembly intended to be connected to the UK electricity supply via a socket outlet conforming to BS1363, to be fitted with a standard plug as defined by the Plugs and Sockets etc (Safety)Regulations.

The plug on this sample did not comply with BS1363. It had not been marked with the identity of the manufacturer.

5.Plugs and Sockets, etc. (Safety) Regulations 1994 Regulations 8 and 13.2 state that a standard plug shall: conform to BS1363-1; be of a type approved by a notified body; bear a mark showing approval by a notified body; indicate the body which approved the plug.

The plug fitted to this sample was not an approved type and it did not display the approval mark of a notified body.

Summary

This sample did not comply with the Electrical Equipment ( Safety) Regulations 2016.

Items 2. 4 and 5 were safety issues that were considered to offer a risk of harm to the user.

Items I and 3 were aspects of non-compliance that did not necessarily present an immediate risk of harm to the end user, but were departures from the Regulations and they require attention.

With regards to the unsafe product, EU Regulation 765 provides the following options:

1.The goods can be ‘Rendered Inoperable’ and returned to the Point of Origin-this is to ensure that goods assessed as posing a serious risk cannot be re-entered into the supply chain.

2.The goods can be destroyed

3.On this occasion as you do not have a representative in the UK we will allow you to return the goods to origin for reworking as in our opinion the chargers need to be replaced with a different plug. Your other option would be to have the goods destroyed as previously advised.

转载请注明来源及链接:对外贸易之家 » 出口英国清关须有身份标识,否则退运或销毁
分享到: 更多 (0)

评论 抢沙发

  • 昵称 (必填)
  • 邮箱 (必填)
  • 网址